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Arti­cle. IV.

Sec­tion. 1. Full Faith and Credit shall be given in each State to the pub­lic Acts, Records, and judi­cial Pro­ceed­ings of every other State. And the Con­gress may by gen­eral Laws pre­scribe the Man­ner in which such Acts, Records and Pro­ceed­ings shall be proved, and the Effect thereof.

Sec­tion. 2.The Cit­i­zens of each State shall be enti­tled to all Priv­i­leges and Immu­ni­ties of Cit­i­zens in the sev­eral States.

A Per­son charged in any State with Trea­son, Felony, or other Crime, who shall flee from Jus­tice, and be found in another State, shall on Demand of the exec­u­tive Author­ity of the State from which he fled, be deliv­ered up, to be removed to the State hav­ing Juris­dic­tion of the Crime.

No Per­son held to Ser­vice or Labour in one State, under the Laws thereof, escap­ing into another, shall, in Con­se­quence of any Law or Reg­u­la­tion therein, be dis­charged from such Ser­vice or Labour, but shall be deliv­ered up on Claim of the Party to whom such Ser­vice or Labour may be due [Mod­i­fied by Amend­ment XIII].

Sec­tion. 3.New States may be admit­ted by the Con­gress into this Union; but no new State shall be formed or erected within the Juris­dic­tion of any other State; nor any State be formed by the Junc­tion of two or more States, or Parts of States, with­out the Con­sent of the Leg­is­la­tures of the States con­cerned as well as of the Congress.

The Con­gress shall have Power to dis­pose of and make all need­ful Rules and Reg­u­la­tions respect­ing the Ter­ri­tory or other Prop­erty belong­ing to the United States; and noth­ing in this Con­sti­tu­tion shall be so con­strued as to Prej­u­dice any Claims of the United States, or of any par­tic­u­lar State.

Sec­tion. 4. The United States shall guar­an­tee to every State in this Union a Repub­li­can Form of Gov­ern­ment, and shall pro­tect each of them against Inva­sion; and on Appli­ca­tion of the Leg­is­la­ture, or of the Exec­u­tive (when the Leg­is­la­ture can­not be con­vened), against domes­tic Violence.

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