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Arti­cle. III.

Sec­tion. 1. The judi­cial Power of the United States shall be vested in one supreme Court, and in such infe­rior Courts as the Con­gress may from time to time ordain and estab­lish. The Judges, both of the supreme and infe­rior Courts, shall hold their Offices dur­ing good Behav­iour, and shall, at stated Times, receive for their Ser­vices a Com­pen­sa­tion, which shall not be dimin­ished dur­ing their Con­tin­u­ance in Office.

Sec­tion. 2.The judi­cial Power shall extend to all Cases, in Law and Equity, aris­ing under this Con­sti­tu­tion, the Laws of the United States, and Treaties made, or which shall be made, under their Author­ity; — to all Cases affect­ing Ambas­sadors, other pub­lic Min­is­ters and Con­suls; — to all Cases of admi­ralty and mar­itime Juris­dic­tion; — to Con­tro­ver­sies to which the United States shall be a Party; — to Con­tro­ver­sies between two or more States; — between a State and Cit­i­zens of another State [Mod­i­fied by Amend­ment XI]; — between Cit­i­zens of dif­fer­ent States; — between Cit­i­zens of the same State claim­ing Lands under Grants of dif­fer­ent States, and between a State, or the Cit­i­zens thereof, and for­eign States, Cit­i­zens or Subjects.

In all Cases affect­ing Ambas­sadors, other pub­lic Min­is­ters and Con­suls, and those in which a State shall be Party, the supreme Court shall have orig­i­nal Juris­dic­tion. In all the other Cases before men­tioned, the supreme Court shall have appel­late Juris­dic­tion, both as to Law and Fact, with such Excep­tions, and under such Reg­u­la­tions as the Con­gress shall make.

The Trial of all Crimes, except in Cases of Impeach­ment, shall be by Jury; and such Trial shall be held in the State where the said Crimes shall have been com­mit­ted; but when not com­mit­ted within any State, the Trial shall be at such Place or Places as the Con­gress may by Law have directed.

Sec­tion. 3.Trea­son against the United States shall con­sist only in levy­ing War against them, or in adher­ing to their Ene­mies, giv­ing them Aid and Com­fort. No Per­son shall be con­victed of Trea­son unless on the Tes­ti­mony of two Wit­nesses to the same overt Act, or on Con­fes­sion in open Court.

The Con­gress shall have Power to declare the Pun­ish­ment of Trea­son, but no Attain­der of Trea­son shall work Cor­rup­tion of Blood, or For­fei­ture except dur­ing the Life of the Per­son attainted.

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